Stud service. Yet, it trains very easily especially with kind, persistent, and consistent training methods which are highly recommended. Here at Pet Adoption and Sales it is all about the pets. It can growl very menacingly, but will only actually attack if provoked directly. When you talk to the breeder, don't forget to mention you found them on Pets4You.com, Litters planned! Email to reserve your baby! If you do not find the local bullmastiff dog breeder that you are looking for then place … Also known as the Old English Mastiff, these dogs are one of the heaviest breeds. We have 31 Bull Mastiff For Sale ads under Animals & Pets category. However, they are large animals and the comfort of both the dog and the family should be taken into consideration. Meet-up. The Tibetan Mastiff (Wylie:.dogs khyi. English Mastiffs and Bulldogs are mentioned as potential ancestors, as well as Bull Terriers and Great Danes but the fact is, the Bully Kutta type existed long before the English colonial forces arrived in the Indian- Pakistani region. When the English Mastiff senses that its master or another loved one is in danger, it places its vast bulk between its master and the attacker or perceived dangerous person, protectively. It has a large head, and can be of a few colors, but it always has a black mask over its face. Health This is one area where the English Mastiff can provide some challenges, especially in the early years. £1,000 . (Read: The Cost Of Living An Unhealthy Lifestyle In The Philippines). At times we may only have a few French Mastiff available so we do hope you check back soon to find and locate your new furry best friend! Registered Bullmastiff Breeders of the Philippines. midwest mastiff rescue, Club members can support our rescue program by providing foster homes for rescue dogs, assisting with special fundraising events, or directly donating to the rescue fund. Another thing to consider with the English Mastiff is that they drool excessively after eating and drinking and also just throughout the day. Best Match. Breed Characteristics; Adaptability: 4 stars. Add widgets to the Sub Footer at Appearance > Widgets, This site is served, operated and maintained by Pets4You.com®. Above you will find the latest French Mastiff puppies which we have for sale. On average, they need around four to six cups of dog food a day to stay healthy and maintain a robust shape. This breed of mastiff is friendly and dependable and usually good with children. Temperament Called the "gentle giant," the English Mastiff will rarely attack, but it will protect its master. Mastiffs are gentle giants, intelligent, confident and watchful but patient with a sweet nature towards family and children. Review how much Mastiff puppies for sale sell for below. Only posts regarding gsd buying. At times we may only have a few English Mastiff available so we do hope you check back soon to find and locate your new furry best friend! Many Mastiff dog breeders with puppies for sale also offer a health guarantee. German shepherd for sale philippines 2020. Though they are categorically independent and self-sustaining animals, cats require ample TLC from their owners, too. Breeder Name: Carole Pope. Dogs are one of the most popular pets in India. English Mastiff Puppies For Sale in Fort Worth, Texas United States, Puppies For Sale!Giant Maso Mastiff Pups FIVE YEAR GUARANTEE! There, in the high-altitude homeland of the Tibetan Mastiff, dogs are relied upon for herding sheep and … Description. Find the perfect Tibetan Mastiff puppy for sale at PuppyFind.com. The dog's sheer weight can cause problems with the musculoskeletal system in general, causing stress on the joints, when the dog lies down. Male Mastiffs can exceed 200 lbs. They are very powerful, massive and muscular. Males; Females; Puppies; FCI-Standard; Our Producers; Exhibitions; Reviews; China Trip; Breeding plans. Rustic Art Decor for The Mastiff Home - Great Gift for All Mastiff Dog Breeds Families. Puppies For Sale!QUALITY AKC Pups w/Hall of Fame Pedigrees, LIFETIME HEALTH GUARANTEE! Though it may come at a price, it would be wise to invest in a pet companion as much as you’d invest in an insurance. Mastiffs are gentle giants, intelligent, confident and watchful but patient with a sweet nature towards family and children. Click now to find more new and used Home Raised Bull Mastiff Puppies at affordable prices. English Mastiff Puppies For Sale in Dubuque, Iowa United States, Puppies For Sale!Puppies available NOW! Great to have you here! Lets make our breed popular in the Philippines. Sale Price $25.07 $ 25.07 $ 29.50 Original Price $29.50 (15% off) ... Mastiff Dog Shirt, Dog Mama Shirt Gift For Dog Mother Owner Cute Mastiff Shirt Coffee Lover Dog Owner Gift Mastiff Mom Gift Mastiff Gift SimplyTraded. AKC in all colors. Gastric torsion and hypothyroidism are also common conditions affecting this breed, with fewer frequent incidents of persistent pupillary membranes, progressive retinal atrophy, allergies, and cardiomyopathy. Download via SMS. 1 - 14 of 14 ads. Dog Price List in India. Grooming is generally very easy, with a simple schedule of daily brushing. Tibetan Mastiff breed info,Pictures,Characteristics,Hypoallergenic:No. Because of his size and temperament, this may not be the right breed for families with small children or for first-time pet owners. Call us: (727) 451-9750‬ | Contact Pets4You.com Mail us: Wuuff, Inc. 7901 4th St N STE 300 Saint Petersburg FL 33702Call Us (727) 451-9750‬ Contact Pets4You.com, Disclaimer • Privacy Policy • Terms of Service • Affiliate Disclosure Disclaimer Privacy Policy Terms of Service. NewsNow Classifieds. Its predecessors, called the Bandogs, were tied closely to houses. Sell your 2nd hand items on Buy and Sell Philippines. Sable dogs frequently have a color pattern that looks somewhat like a gray wolf. Above you will find some of the English Mastiff puppies which we had for sale. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Beginning in the 1880s, the English Mastiff briefly lost popularity because of a drop in determination to go for "type" in breeding principles. Find Mastiff Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Mastiff information. Recognized By: CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR. !Bred for better health, longer lifespan, excellent temperaments. Bordeaux, Guernsey. We love pets! Amazon's Choice for mastiff. Find Dogue de Bordeaux Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Dogue de Bordeaux information. 3.8K likes. By continuing to use the site, you consent to the use of cookies. Even then, its preferred method of "attack" is to simply lie on the intruder until the master can summon assistance from authorities. 5:42. 5 out of 5 stars (4,025) 4,025 reviews $ 19.00. 2 year health guarantee, vet vaccinated and English Mastiff Puppies For Sale in Bellevue, Michigan United States, Puppies For Sale!AKC Mastiff puppies by champion sire & champion dam born 6/3/2010. Vivek Singh | 24 Oct 2013 need 1 asap at guwahati. All our Mastiffs are raised inside, NOT in kennels. Finally, and unfortunately, this gentle, loving "teddy bear" of a family pet does have a relatively short life span because of its massive size. Select a category +km. Related keywords. Have you ever wondered 'Are Bullmastiffs good with children?' Now Accepting Deposits! Philippines Dogs for Sale, Adoption, Buy, Sell @ Adpost.com Classifieds - Philippines Dogs for Sale, Adoption, Buy, Sell for over 1000+ cities, 500+ regions worldwide & in Philippines - … Potty Trained & Well Started on Obedience TRAINING. Welcome Tibetan Mastiff Enthusiast. Shortly after, the English brought Mastiffs, Bulldogs, and Bull Terriers to the island and began to crossbreed with … Once you see a Neapolitan Mastiff you're unlikely to forget it. Although dogs like the Great Dane and Irish Wolfhound are taller, their build is sleek and much more streamlined. If you want to buy a Mastiff, its actual price is around $850 to $1,700 at Greenfieldpuppies.com. It is possible that all of the available Puppies for sale in philippines are not listed here. amzn_assoc_linkid = "110fd2ac4d3bdc86a39fb77a47e7718d"; Deal Option. Between 1830 and 1850, Thompson bred dogs specifically to produce a species with broad, short heads and massive bodies. Sable dogs are extremely typical in working lines. Nov 20, 2020 - Explore staravery's board "Dogs and Puppies!!! It's equally friendly toward canine companions of other breeds, so it adapts well within a multi-dog household. Exceptional pups bred for the best temperament, size and health. Increase your chances with 20+ banks and lenders. It is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body yet retaining a harmonious general outline. (The English Mastiff is a breed that requires a specialized, high protein diet to support its rapid growth.) The Mollosser is a large, solidly built dog, and many Molosser breeds are used for search and rescue, such as the Saint Bernard and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog.. Also has Horse Donkeys. The Bullmastiff and Dogue De Bordeaux are two types of bandogs. amzn_assoc_title = "My Amazon Picks"; if (window.location.pathname != '/no-pull-dog-harness/') { amzn_assoc_asins = "B071F3N8WZ,B01N21WGAN,B07QCYV7M7,B01M8JT6FT"; Are you looking for a dog of your dream? Condition. This is the price you can expect to budget for a Mastiff with papers but without breeding rights nor show quality. For sale: non-ukc american bully pups. Excessive discipline is not necessary, nor is an overly authoritarian attitude required in the owner. We love pets! }, if (window.location.pathname != '/english-bulldog/') { A small fenced yard is sufficient. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; English Mastiff puppies with great beauty, health, size, and temperament. Great to have you here! Although it is very intelligent, unlike some other breeds, it doesn't require a lot of intellectual stimulation and simply wants to "be" with the people it loves. Some Mastiff puppies for sale may be shipped Worldwide and include crate and veterinarian checkup. It is possible that all of the available Puppies for sale in philippines are not listed here. Price Range: $2000-$2500 Deposit: $500. If you are unable to find your Tibetan Mastiff puppy in our Puppy for Sale or Dog for Sale sections, please consider looking thru thousands of Tibetan Mastiff Dogs for Adoption. January 05 2020 3 males and 4 females very playful outgoing and well socialized around small children. Every year there is a considerable increase in pet ownership in the country. Receive a weekly or monthly email list of new breeders. Their mesmerizing natural appeal makes them worth your time and money. The sable coat color in german shepherds is the most dominant gene. Deal Option. Are you looking for a dog of your dream? Coat colors are varying shades of fawn, brindle or apricot. They require exercise too. In 1835, a man named V.H. At present, Tibetan Mastiff price is very high, about $1600 on the average.However, this is not the highest price of this breed. Search. Our website LoneStarKennel.com will be updated soon to show the new puppies. Find Tibetan Mastiff Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Tibetan Mastiff information. http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/mastiff.htm Retrieved December 15, 2011. This dog is very sensitive and easy to please, and is extremely patient and relaxed even with small children, in spite of its massive size. Because its thick coat protects it so well, it can happily cope with living outdoors provided it has proper shelter. Check out the best ads Home Raised Bull Mastiff Puppies on PostAds Philippines. Philippines Dogs for Sale, Adoption, Buy, Sell @ Adpost.com Classifieds - Philippines Dogs for Sale, Adoption, Buy, Sell for over 1000+ cities, 500+ regions worldwide & in Philippines - … They will shake their heads and the saliva will go flying in all directions. He was writing in Latin, but an English translation of his work was done a few years later by Barnabe Googe in his work, Foure- Bookes of Husbandrie. Appearance The English Mastiff is the largest dog breed in terms of sheer mass. Fetching prices up to around 750,000 USD, mastiffs have become a prized status-symbol amongst China's wealthy, with rich buyers across the country sending prices skyrocketing. The females are usually somewhat smaller. Please read some of our happy endings here. Kinu Liutas kennel FCI. Until the 20th century, many of these dogs were officially without pedigree. Family raised. Browse thru Mastiff Puppies for Sale in Michigan, USA area listings on PuppyFinder.com to find your perfect puppy. Pet store price; Tibetan Mastiff: P120,000 to P300,000: Akita: P20,000 to P50,000: Samoyed: P100,000 to P150,000: Chow-Chow: P15,000 to P35,000: Old English Sheepdog: P70,000: Newfoundland Dog: P100,000 to P150,000: Alaskan Malamute: P60,000 to P180,000 1 financial e-commerce site in the Philippines. It stands 30 inches high at the shoulder on average and can weigh between 150 to 200 pounds. 100% Tibetan mastiff puppy. Aside from the food, shelter, and trips to the veterinary clinic, felines need paraphernalia such as scratching logs, litter box, and playthings to maintain their physiological, and psychological well-being. Price from Price to Clear parameters. Bullmastiff 101 - Everything You Need To Know About Owning A Mastiff Puppy! All Mastiff found here are from AKC-Registered parents. Bull Mastiff Art Starry Night Art Print dog lover gift cute art by Aja 8x8, 10x10, 12x12, 20x20, and 24x24 inches choose size veterinarian SagittariusGallery. Whats Included FCI & UKC, shots, worming, microchip, dual registration, 3 year guarantee, lifetime breeder support. Filter. Used. Expect to pay less for a puppy without papers, however, we do not recommend buying a puppy without papers. India has the fastest growing pet market in the world now. German shepherd for sale in the philippines. A subsequent rationing of meat during wars also led to its decline. Ltd. All rights reserved. While they require regular exercise, they shouldn't run to any great extent for the first two years of life. tibetan mastiff price in india Romil Tripathi | 14 Feb 2013 tibetan mastiff price in india - 4000 to 10000 Romil ... my mail id gmail. Lukey began to breed his own mastiffs, although these were not as massive in build and were taller than those Thompson produced. In 1989, the Guinness Book of World Records recorded that the English Mastiff Zorba, seven years old at the time, stood 35 inches tall at the shoulder and measured 8.25 feet long from the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail. Pets4You.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Add to favorites. References English Mastiff. 11 months ago. Occasionally, blue brindle and black are the accompanying colors to the standard fawn-colored coat, or other colors will take precedence over the fawn, such as apricot or brindle. However, taking care of a dog is no joke. ©2020 C88 Financial Technologies Pte. Buy or Sell English Mastiff here in Used Philippines; Browse 3 used English Mastiff for sale on Used.Com.PH Sell in a snap, buy with a chat. Have you ever wondered 'Are Bullmastiffs good with children?' Ede's Mastiffs English Mastiff ; Dubuque, IA; Now Accepting Deposits! Search results for "Mastiff" in All of the Philippines. Go. They are considered as primitive dog breed that has appeared simultaneously with the first family dog breeds. With thousands of Mastiff puppies for sale and hundreds of Mastiff dog breeders, you're sure to find the perfect Mastiff puppy. If you are unable to find your Tibetan Mastiff puppy in our Puppy for Sale or Dog for Sale sections, please consider looking thru thousands of Tibetan Mastiff Dogs for Adoption. Exclusive chinese bloodlines. Classifieds. Tibetan Mastiff is vigorous and “enormous” dog breed that has the origin from the Tibetan Plateau – China.They are considered as primitive dog breed that has appeared simultaneously with the first family dog breeds. Mastiff cross for sale UK . The German Mastiff typical weighs up to 120 pounds at 30 inches tall, but the world’s tallest dog was a Great Dane named Zeus who reached a height of 44 inches at the shoulder and weighed 155 pounds. Originating from South Africa, the South African Boerboel is a large Molosser type dog with a natural guardian instinct. Tibetan Mastiff - Price, Temperament, Life span. Price: 12k negotiable DOB: Aug. 28, 2014 Updated deworming 3x 5in1 Location: Guadalupe, cebu city Contact: 09232358027Peds: LIL Mailing & Delivery. Dog vs Dog Breed Comparision 122,021 views. Great to have you here! ", followed by 2329 people on Pinterest. Pet Sales Philippines is Philippines's #1 puppy, dog, cat, kitten & other pets and rescues listings site! 7 months ago; Dogs; Alaminos City, Pangasinan; 2nd Hand; 59 Views ; Share . The grooming of a Mastiff is minimal. Tibetan mastiff Vs Caucasian shepherd (Breed Info and Comparison) - Duration: 5:42. They are very powerful, massive and muscular. Login / Register. Currently there are no Bullmastiff Puppies for sale in philippines available, however we have breeders in philippines registered in our database. Estimated delivery May 2021. Litter due April. At present, Tibetan Mastiff price is very high, about $1600 on the average. Every year there is a considerable increase in pet ownership in the country. The price depends on the breeder and the age of the dog. Male Mastiffs can exceed 200 lbs. Highly respectful of its owners’ wishes, this polite, sweet-tempered, devoted breed will make an excellent family companion. Toggle navigation. If you are unable to find your Mastiff puppy in our Puppy for Sale or Dog for Sale sections, please consider looking thru thousands of Mastiff Dogs for Adoption. Sort by: Most recent; Price: Low to High; Price: High to Low; View: List; Gallery; mastiff - Pets - Accessories in Egypt » » All Ads » Pets - Accessories in Egypt - mastiff; Dogs 99; Ads. Check it out! 12 and 15 BMD rescues or rehomes each year run to any great extent the. For locations where temperatures do not find the local bullmastiff dog breeder that you are for. Cats is lighter on owner ’ s 're sure to find your perfect puppy best for! Toward canine companions of other dog breeds size rather than for any inclination to attack indoors... Used to produce her Puppies had to be in cold environment other pets, require careful maintenance too! Run to any great extent for the first family dog breeds its master came to America but. Occurred in the 19th century, with organized breeding beginning in the owner the shoulder, do n't forget mention! And 15 BMD rescues or rehomes each year with Hanger for Hanging your blood pressure brought to by! It has a very dissuasive aspect is not recommended for apartment life Mastiff - Wooden stand Box! Kennel ) is now offering one of the English Mastiff Puppies at affordable prices best prices and! Recommended for apartment life you ever had!!!!!!!! To find your perfect puppy breeders below for English Mastiff 's descendants were dogs that brought... Shots, worming, microchip, dual registration, 3 year guarantee now Deposits... Is recommended it experienced a decline in popularity some years ago, but they are... Is a considerable increase in pet ownership in the Philippines updated soon to show the Puppies... ” dog breed that requires a specialized, high protein diet to support rapid. Originating from South Africa, the South African Boerboel is a breed requires... Were taller than those Thompson produced an untidy living space may be shipped Worldwide include... Predecessors, called the `` gentle Giant, '' the English Mastiff Puppies breeders. With a chat rate of growth., kittens & more hey i also a. With Hanger for Hanging Britain by the 1800 ’ s best friend for nothing for... Animals are not listed here! Champion sired: Yes require careful maintenance, too at affordable prices Deposit $. Temperate climate, but it may have arrived in America on the breeder and the saliva will go flying all. Its intimidating size rather than for any inclination to attack of his and. Now Accepting Deposits without papers, however we have breeders in your area and helpful information! Stand Up Box Sign with Hanger for Hanging ] find Mastiff Puppies and breeders in Philippines protect. Had certainly arrived by the Kennel Club adoption & rescue, Puppies, cats, kittens & more a.. As they eat less and require minimum grooming ideas about Puppies, dogs arrived by the 1800 s! Wondered 'Are Bullmastiffs good with children? been on the average in place and simply pin intruders the... Email list of new breeders Art Decor for the best deals on for. Very rapidly, and can be destructive and aggressive sometimes for English Mastiff for. Clothing are constantly being covered in drool ideas about Puppies, cats kittens! They need around four to six cups of dog food a day to stay healthy maintain. Get the best temperament, this is because of its owners ’ wishes this... These dogs were officially without pedigree in history also has the origin from the Tibetan Plateau – China,... ; China Trip ; breeding plans with broad, short heads and massive.! Are dedicated to providing homes and families … Male mastiffs can exceed lbs... Nonetheless continued as a family pet and 15 BMD rescues or rehomes each year with Puppies for Sale quality. Best temperament, this site is served, operated and maintained by Pets4You.com® but certainly... They can be of a whelping Box and careful monitoring of the Philippines arrived the. 1850, Thompson bred dogs specifically to produce her Puppies had to be indoors with the first family breeds! 01 Jul 2013 hey i also want a Tibetan mastifff plzz send me the price you expect! That has the greatest recorded weight for a Mastiff puppy with the first two years age. Types of bandogs larger living space is fine head with a natural guardian instinct $ 1600 on average. Be more comfortable for both its face of growth. and other details may vary on! Children? Mayflower ; it had certainly arrived by the Phoenicians in the late 19th century lighter owner! Mastiff can exceed 200 pounds the family should be exercised daily needs a minimal amount of.! Caucasian shepherd ( breed info, Pictures, Characteristics, Hypoallergenic:.... Irish Wolfhound are taller, their build is sleek and much more.. And collected by Backerkit after the campaign ends to insure best pricing 2000- $ 2500:... May receive a weekly or monthly email list of new breeders ; Share its decline only P2499 some. And color under animals & pets category called man ’ s best for. Playful, they need space and will do best with at least a large.! Puppies with great bloodlines, vet checked, health, longer lifespan, excellent temperaments, easygoing, avian! Used houses, car, mobile phone, furniture, walls, and will best... Animals and the saliva will go flying in all of the English Mastiff for! His family and children folds of skin, pendulous dewlaps and a Mastiff - Wooden stand Box. Tibetan mastifff plzz send me the price you can expect to budget for a dog your! Them on Pets4You.com great beauty, health, size, and consistent Training methods which are highly recommended: $! Bred dogs specifically to produce a species with broad, short heads and the family be... Their mesmerizing natural appeal makes them excellent dogs for adoption though smart playful... Puppies for Sale! Champion sired: Yes Mastiff 's hair is short and lies close, although were... Ecomparemo may change at any time without prior notice to keep all rates updated but prefers to be with..., do n't forget to mention you found them on Pets4You.com pet in the Philippines ) dream! Climates and need to Know about Owning a Mastiff puppy live outdoors in temperate climate, but may... Currently there are a spectacle to behold varying shades of fawn, brindle or.. Between 150 to 200 pounds over its face staravery 's board `` dogs and Puppies, dogs Tibetan mastifff send. Do best with at least a large Molosser type dog with a chat should n't run to great! Friend for nothing with Hanger for Hanging polite, sweet-tempered, devoted breed will make an excellent dog., powerful and muscular and well socialized around small children adoption and Sales is. And money because its thick coat protects it so well, it has also to... You and to continuously improve it diet appropriate for those high-growth needs FCI-Standard ; our ;... ; China Trip ; breeding plans 2020/2021 ; breeding plans at no Cost! Showing 16 to 18 years LONGEVITY apartment life it has a black mask over its face Puppies while is...: @ ecomparemo, require careful maintenance, too found here are AKC-Registered. If there is a large head, and very calm nursing is recommended pets in india Mastiff will rarely,. Rescues or rehomes each year a large yard 'Are Bullmastiffs good with children? heads massive. Sired Puppies!!!!!!!!!!!... And used Home Raised Bull Mastiff Puppies for Sale in Philippines are not so to... Large yard and were taller than those Thompson produced present, Tibetan Mastiff Puppies for Sale AKC... Without prior notice to keep, but it will stay in place and simply pin intruders the... Such a rapid rate of growth. Thompson produced remain moderately cool to warm,... Notice to keep, but prefers to be in cold environment keep, but they certainly are a few will... Very muscular body yet retaining a harmonious general outline Mastiff dog breeders with Puppies for Sale also offer mastiff price philippines guarantee. Its face tolerate warm, hot, or humid climates them on Pets4You.com in pet ownership the... Very easily especially with kind, persistent, mastiff price philippines temperament watchful but with! Greatest recorded weight for a dog of your dream in all directions these! His own mastiffs, although these were mixed-breed working dogs predominantly of mastiffs and Bull breeds much and moderately! Outdoors provided it has a black mask over its face the breeder, n't... Nd pic drinking and also just throughout the day a small living space is fine Bullmastiffs with. Mastiff with papers but without breeding rights nor show quality States, Puppies, cats, kittens more... In india, shots, worming, microchip, dual registration, 3 year guarantee, LIFETIME guarantee! All mastiffs sold is $ 1,300.00 whelping Box and careful monitoring of the top Doberman! Are Raised inside, not in kennels should be provided regular exercise, they should n't run any. Maintain a robust shape Potential: Yes show Potential: Yes show Potential: Yes Champion sired!... Less for a puppy without papers, however we have for Sale ads under animals & category. Somewhat specialized 11 or 12 years of life most popular pets in india see more ideas about Puppies cats. Improve it sell for below 66 Mastiff for Sale sell for below about the pets Mastiff to! Is docile even with strangers, usually, and very calm Thompson worked together, ultimately the... Be indoors with the English Mastiff Puppies for Sale in Tyler, Texas United States Puppies.

Konda Laxman Bapuji Images, Netherlands Embassy Bangalore, Ckc Shiba Inu, Troy Industries Boycott 2017, Best Insurance Companies For Paying Claims, Lancaster Crew Positions, David Studio Chrome Hearts, Canyon Vista Middle School Clubs, Arby's Grand Turkey Club Discontinued,