Their purpose is to submit recommendations on issues related to fisheries and aquaculture to the Commission and the Member States. Transparency and accountability are the driving principles of the negotiation process; the texts of the agreements are public and open to the scrutiny of other public institutions and civil society. Fisheries are estimated to currently provide 16% of the world population's protein. In exchange, the EU pays a fee for the right to access the partner country’s exclusive economic zone, and provides sectoral support tailored to the partner country’s needs. The first three are already operational, and the last is in the process of becoming fully operational. The fishing industry has turned to using more gear made of plastic. The UK is a net importer of fish, with imports exceeding exports. The burden of payment is shared between the EU and the industry. The agreements with the Faroes and Iceland are based solely on the annual exchange of fishing possibilities in each other’s waters, although no exchange of quotas has taken place with Iceland since the 2008 fishing season. A BRIEF HISTORY OF COMMERCIAL FISHING Since the 1800s, Louisiana has had a thriving commercial seafood industry in which the catching and selling of crabs, shrimp, oysters, both freshwater and saltwater finfish, alligator and crawfish has supported the livelihood of many families and communities. NB: NB: Not relevant for LU. The EU fishing fleet is very diverse, with vessels ranging from under 6 metres to over 75 metres. The main exporters to other Member States are Sweden, Denmark, Spain and the Netherlands. If fishing was a corporation in the United States, it would be listed in the Fortune 500 because of its economic impact. Today, sustainable fisheries partnership agreements set the standard for international fishing policy. The flesh of many fish are primarily valued as a source of food; there are many edible species of fish. The processing industry consists of approximately 3 500 companies. Start Your Free Trial. Fishing in the US industry trends (2015-2020) poll Average industry growth 2015–2020: -2.2% The Oil and Gas Extraction industry has grown over the past five years, despite exhibiting high volatility. Three quarters of the fish or seafood consumed in the EU come from wild fisheries, while the remaining quarter comes from aquaculture. Illegal fishing is a major threat to global marine resources. selling fish and seafood for either recreational or commercial purposes At the EU level, expenditure for meat products and for fruits and vegetables both represent 23% of total food expenditure. Fishing is a full-time profession. They do so by developing production and marketing plans. [*] The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the Cohesion Fund (CF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). Total aquaculture production by other major producers (2017)(value in thousand EUR, volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total). The collective efforts and work of RFMOs mean that stocks have improved significantly over the past few years. Advisory councils are stakeholders' organisations made up of representatives from the industry and from other interest groups (which respectively have 60% and 40% of the seats in the general assembly and the executive committee). In 2019, the UK imported 721 thousand tonnes of … It is estimated that the value of illegally caught fish amounts to around EUR 10 billion each year, corresponding to almost 20 % of the value of the world’s catches. NB: Not relevant for LU.Sources: Eurostat and Eumofa. In the Black Sea, six out of eight assessed stocks remain overfished. In the same year, the "apparent consumption", obtained by subtracting exports from this figure, was 12.45 million tonnes. NB: FAO estimates for non-EU countries.Source: Eumofa, based on Eurostat and FAO. To ensure sustainable fishing, EU vessels are only allowed to target surplus resources that the partner country is not willing to fish or not capable of fishing. Supply balance (2017)(volume in million tonnes live weight equivalent). … The EU accounts for around 6% of total fisheries production worldwide, which is similar to previous years. In 2015, the EU's self-sufficiency rate stood at 43%, i.e. LV catches of pelagic species have been integrated using FAO data. NB: Aquaculture figures include marine, shellfish and freshwater. Within these bodies, non-EU countries and the EU collectively set forth science-based binding measures such as catch and fishing-effort limits, technical measures and control obligations to ensure conservation, along with ensuring the fair and sustainable management of shared marine resources. Large marine life can be trapped and die. Fish are normally caught in the wild. In the EU the total expenditure for fishery and aquaculture products in 2018 reached EUR 55.2 billion. Includes data from the Aleutians East Borough, Aleutians West Census Area, and harvesting data from the Chignik and surrounding area. Statistics. All EU fishing vessels are governed by a legal framework and a control system that apply anywhere they fish through the regulations on fisheries control, sustainable management of external fishing fleets and IUU. Source: Eumofa for EU and FAO for other countries. The economic impact of bass fishing in the United States, including economic output and indirect contributions, is more than $115 billion each year. Source: Eumofa, based on Eurostat, FAO national administrations and Federation of European Aquaculture Producers data. Data by main species is not available for AT.Sources: Eurostat for marine fishing and FAO for inland water catches. These total allowable catches are then divided into national quotas, which set limits on the amount of fish that can be landed. EU regulation on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), The 2019 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF-19-06), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-79-79390-5, doi:10.2760/56158), JRC112940, Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), Economic Report of the EU Aquaculture Sector (STECF-18-19), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-79402-5, doi:10.2760/45076, JRC114801, Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), The EU Fish Processing Sector – Economic report (STECF-19-15), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-14666-7, doi:10.2760/30373, JRC119498, Consultation – your view on promoting EU algae production, Euronews OCEAN Season 2 episode 11 – sustainable aquaculture. EU trade (i.e. The Member States concerned must adopt action plans to remedy this situation. The products of the industry are usually sold wholesale to grocery chains or to intermediaries. Fish farming offers an alternative solution to the increasing market demand for fish and fish protein. All protocols contain a clause concerning the respect for human rights in the partner country. This report provides landings totals for U.S. recreational and commercial fisheries by species; it also has data on the U.S. fishery processing industry, imports and exports of fishery-related products, and domestic supply and per capita consumption of fishery products. Source: Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), Monitoring the Performance of the Common Fisheries Policy (STECF-Adhoc-19-01), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-02913-7, doi:10.2760/22641, JRC116446. They are all centred on resource conservation and environmental sustainability, with EU vessels subject to strict supervision and transparency rules. 80% of this production comes from fisheries and 20% from aquaculture. The highest ratio is observed in Portugal (17%) and the lowest in Hungary (less than 1%). It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Trade between Member States is very significant, totalling EUR 27.26 billion in 2018. Top 10 species in aquaculture in the European Union (2017)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Top 10 species in aquaculture in the European Union (2017) (volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total), Main species in aquaculture per Member State (2017)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total, volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total). The more powerful trawlers were able to pull larger nets. Consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products (2017)(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year)). Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries (2018)(volume in tonnes and value in thousand EUR), Extra- and intra-EU trade (2018)(value in billion EUR), Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries – main suppliers (2018)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Value of EU-28 imports from the main suppliers, Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries – main customers (2018)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between EU Member States and non-EU countries (2018)(value in thousand EUR and percentage of total), Imports and exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - extra-EU trade (2018)(volume in tonnes and value in thousand EUR), Imports of fisheries and aquaculture products – extra-EU trade (2018)(value in thousand EUR), Exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - extra-EU trade (2018)(value in thousand EUR). The larger fish processing companies have their own fishing fleets and independent fisheries. Licensed anglers generated about $48 billion in retail sales annually. Under EU law the total capacity of the fishing fleet needs to remain below set ceilings. Situation as at December 2019. One of them, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), is specifically tailored to Europe's seas and coasts. Member States codes used in this publication, Regional Fisheries Management Organisations, Sustainable fisheries partnership agreements and northern agreements, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, EU Market Observatory for Fisheries and Aquaculture products, European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) (2014-2020). pelagic or demersal). (1) Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the state of play of the common fisheries policy and consultation on the fishing opportunities for 2020 (COM(2019) 274 final). Sea horses, star fish, sea urchins and sea cucumber are used in traditional Chinese medicine. the EU) with fishing interests in the same region or in the same (group of) species. Almost all countries either catch or consume fish, and fishing plays a pivotal role in the livelihoods of millions of people around the world. Its EUR 6.4 billion budget - 5.7 billion of which is managed by the Member States - focuses on underpinning the CFP and making fisheries and aquaculture more sustainable and profitable. NB: Not relevant for LU.Sources: Eurostat for marine fishing and FAO for inland water catches. The EU is the fifth largest producer worldwide, accounting for about 3.3% of global fisheries and aquaculture production. The EU is a net importer of fisheries and aquaculture products, mostly frozen, fresh and chilled. The Great Barrier Reef’s fishing and tourism for example, contribute to more than 1.5 billion dollars every year to the Australian economy. Those countries accounted for more than half of the world's production; China alone accounted for a third of the world's production. The traditional fishing industry, or artisan fishing, are terms used to describe small scale commercial or subsistence fishing practises, particularly using traditional techniques such as rod and tackle, arrows and harpoons, throw nets and drag nets, etc. Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms. The EU has had fisheries agreements with Norway and the Faroes since the late 1970s, and with Iceland since the early 1990s. About 41 000 people in Spain worked in the fishing industry in 2017, with a further 29 000 people in Italy, 21 000 people in Greece and 20 000 people in France. The leading Member States in terms of fishing volume are Spain, Denmark, the United Kingdom and France, which combined account for over half of EU catches. When discarded and left to float at sea, it's known as "ghost gear." Isinglass is used for the clarification of wine and beer. Commercial Fishing Facts As Alaska’s largest private‐sector employer, commercial fishing is a major contributor to employment and wages. The New Zealand fishing industry covers 60 percent of fisheries research costs. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), Monitoring the Performance of the Common Fisheries Policy (STECF-Adhoc-19-01), Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-02913-7, doi:10.2760/22641, JRC116446. The supply of fisheries and seafood products to the EU market is ensured by the EU’s own production and by imports, leading to a total of 14.61 million tonnes available for human consumption in 2017. The recreational fishing industry consists of enterprises such as the manufacture and retailing of fishing tackle and apparel, the payment of license fees to regulatory authorities, fishing books and magazines, the design and building of recreational fishing boats, and the provision of accommodation, fishing boats for charter, and guided fishing adventures. Spain, Denmark, the United Kingdom, and France and are the largest producers in terms of volume in the EU. Italy registered the highest level of expenditure with EUR 11.6 billion, followed by Spain (EUR 9.8 billion) and France (EUR 8.5 billion). Mediterranean mussels make up around a quarter of the total volume farmed in the EU, while Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout together represent just under a third of the total value. The EMFF also envourages cross-border cooperation in maritime domains such as spatial planning and surveillance. It allows Member States to better verify and, if appropriate, refuse imports into the EU. The most-fished species are Atlantic herring, Atlantic mackerel, sand eel and European sprat, which together account for almost 40% of EU catches. Today, the majority of the world’s seas are covered by RFMOs. Total EU catches in fishing areas (2017)(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total), Source: Eurostat for marine fishing and FAO for inland water catches. They can broadly be divided into RFMOs that manage only highly migratory fish stocks, mainly tuna, and RFMOs that manage other fish stocks (i.e. Source: EU fleet register. – September 2020: Release of the updated FAO Food balance sheets of fish and fishery products database with data from 1961 to 2017.The updated data are accessible through the Fishery food balance sheets workspace in FishStatJ – September 2020: Release of the FAO Global production workspace for FishStatJ. Healthier stocks contribute to a more sustainable industry. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. Under the IUU regulation, the EU can enter into a structured process of dialogue and cooperation with those non-EU countries that have problems meeting international IUU rules, with the aim of helping them undertake the necessary reforms (see the illustration). Source: Eumofa, The EU Fish Market, 2019 edition. In the early 21st century about 250 million people were directly employed by the commercial fishing industry, and an estimated one billion people depended on fish as their primary source of animal protein. 4 For every dollar earned from fishing in the late 1980s, governments, taxpayers and fishers spent $1.77. Managing fleet capacity is an essential part of ensuring sustainable fishing, one of the main objectives of the common fisheries policy. Situation as at December 2019. Five European Structural and Investment Funds[*] support the economic development of the EU until 2020. In order to achieve the objective of progressively restoring and maintaining populations of fish stocks above biomass levels capable of producing maximum sustainable yield (MSY), the European Union has agreed that the MSY exploitation rate shall be achieved for all stocks by 2020 at the latest. Since the 16th century, fishing vessels have been able to cross oceans in pursuit of fish, and since the 19th century it has been possible to use larger vessels and in some cases process the fish on board. Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries: Eumofa is an on-line multilingual database which provides access to real-time comprehensive data on price, value and volume of fisheries and aquaculture production across the EU as well as market information and analysis. The commercial fishing and seafood industry — harvesters, processors, dealers, wholesalers, and retailers — supported 1.2 million jobs in 2016, generating $144 billion in sales impacts and adding $61 billion to the GDP. Norwegian Seafood and Fish Industry Statistics . The agreements are negotiated and concluded between the Commission, on behalf of the EU, and the partner country. At the same time, the participation rate ... the fishing industry can better reach America’s youngest citizens to nurture a new generation of fishing enthusiasts. United Kingdom Sea Fisheries Statistics and its subsidiary publications, The UK Fishing Industry: Structure and Activity and The UK Fishing Industry: Landings adhere to … The catch certifications scheme under the IUU regulation has helped to improve the EU’s capacity to identify and deny permission for the import of fishery products from IUU sources. It is more dependent on external sourcing for salmonids, crustaceans and other fish. The UK’s trade gap in 2019 for sea fish is 270 thousand tonnes. Fishing is a prehistoric practice dating back at least 40,000 years. Fishing was an essential source of food in Prehistory and became a commercial activity in Antiquity. See where the Commercial Fishing industry is concentrated geographically and research companies by financials and key corporate data. Despite an increase in production costs, the fish processing industry in the EU is generally profitable. Spain, Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands are the leading importing Member States. Deep-sea fishing first emerged in the 15th century, but really took off with the arrival of steam boats in the 19th century. European Market Observatory for Fisheries and Aquaculture products. This makes the EU the most prominent actor in RFMOs and fisheries bodies worldwide. But the EMFF also invests in diversifying local economies, to ensure thriving maritime regions, inland fisheries and aquaculture areas. The most popular species are tuna, cod and salmon. The main importers are France, Italy, Germany and Spain. NB: In CZ, CY, LU, HU, MT, AT, SI, SK and FI there were no producer organisations.Source: Member States; data retrieved on 31 December 2019. It helps Member States check that fishers, fish farmers and maritime communities correctly apply the relevant EU rules. Although the EU fleet operates worldwide, catches are taken primarily in the North-East Atlantic. The 15 species caught by the European Union (2017)(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total), Sources: Eurostat for marine fishing and FAO for inland water catches. Increasing demands on wild fisheries by commercial fishing operations have caused widespread overfishing. The fishing industry involves catching, preparing and selling fish for consumer use. Tyrian purple is a pigment made from marine snails, sepia is a pigment made from the inky secretions of cuttlefish. This industry starts with the fishermen out at sea on commercial fishing boats, but would also include the landlocked countries that grow their own fish cultures for a means of harvesting. Fishermen and fish farmers may join forces through producer organisations to make their production sustainable and to market their products efficiently. This section describes the fisheries and aquaculture sector in figures. These organisations are key actors in fisheries and aquaculture. The industry also facilitates a number of other activities, such as the construction of fishing vessels, fishing gears, refrigeration or cold storage equipment, and much more. Particular kinds of aquaculture include algaculture (the production of kelp/seaweed and other algae); fish farming; shrimp farming, shellfish farming, and the growing of cultured pearls. The commercial activity is aimed at the delivery of fish and other seafood products for human consumption or as input factors in other industrial processes. Fish farming involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosed pools, usually for food. These include fish-catching, harvesting, processing, transportation, distribution and marketing. The remaining 5.2% consists of technical assistance to help Member States to implement the above priorities. At the time the data referred to in this publication were collected the United Kingdom was still an EU Member State. According to recent figures from Statistics Norway, Norway’s fishing industry delivered over 2.3 million tonnes of seafood in 2015, including fish, crustaceans, molluscs, and other seafood products.The landed value of the catch totaled NOK 16.9 billion or USD $2.2 billion. Total aquaculture production per Member State (2017)(value in thousand EUR, volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total). Aquaculture employs roughly 75 000 people, including part-time and full-time jobs in both marine and freshwater aquaculture. It depletes fish stocks, destroys marine habitats, distorts competition, puts honest fishers at an unfair disadvantage and destroys the livelihoods of coastal communities, particularly in developing countries. In this way, the EMFF supports local initiatives aiming at rebuilding fish stocks, phasing out discards, collecting fisheries data and reducing human impact on the marine environment. There are three principal industry sectors: The top producing countries were, in order, the People's Republic of China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan), Peru, Japan, the United States, Chile, Indonesia, Russia, India, Thailand, Norway and Iceland. In order to monitor fisheries-related activities and identify trends over time, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) collects and compiles statistics related to aquaculture, commercial fisheries, recreational fishing and trade (imports/exports). EMFF contribution – 2014-2020 programming period – Per priority(in thousand EUR and percentage of total). Animal proteins make up 58% of individual protein intake (60.38 g per day), while vegetal proteins cover the remaining 42% (43.47 g per day). Fishing and Seafood Industry in Alaska Data available for the following regions: Statewide; Aleutians/Pribilof Islands. Unlike fishing, aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the cultivation of aquatic populations under controlled conditions. This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. Australian Fishing Zone is the third largest fishing zone in the world, with about nine million square kilometers. Fish species raised by fish farms include carp, salmon, tilapia, catfish and cod. According to the FAO definition it includes recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Instead, the EU allocates a share of the total budget to each Member State, and leaves it to national authorities - and local communities - to choose the projectes and solutions that work best for them. The main aquaculture-producing Member States in terms of volume are Spain, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Greece. It is based mainly on data compiled by Eurostat, the European Union Statistics Office, but also on figures collected by the European Commission and the FAO. – October 2020: Release of FAO Yearbook of fishery and aquaculture statistics 2018. Managing fleet capacity is an essential part of ensuring … Partnership agreements are a win–win instrument for the EU and for the partner countries. Fishermen catch fish mainly from rivers, ponds, canals, backwaters, and oceans. Recreational fishing is the nation’s second most popular outdoor activity after jogging. Over the past several years the capacity of the EU fishing fleet has continued to decline in terms of both tonnage and engine power. NB: Not relevant for LU.Source: Member States' operational programmes. In the North-East Atlantic and adjacent waters (North Sea, English Channel, Baltic Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, west of Scotland, west of Ireland, Irish Sea, Celtic Sea, Bay of Biscay, Iberian Atlantic waters), EU fisheries ministers set overall catch limits based on scientific advice. NB: Length refers to total length.Source: EU fleet register. Of total world aquaculture production, EU occupies a share of 1.23% in terms of volume and 2.29% in terms of value. Advisory councils may also provide information for the development of conservation measures, while Member States are to consult them in the context of regionalisation. In doing so, the EMFF does not prescribe how every cent should be spent. Since 2011, freshwater fishing participation grew 11 percent and Great Lakes fishing grew 9.5 percent. people living in the EU consumed roughly twice as much as they produced. 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